Problem 12.3

a) Can you separate the key steps leading to the formation of isolated gas phase ions in ESI?

b) Can you describe the formation of an electrospray more closely?

c) The initially created droplets are several hundred times larger in diameter and carry a tremendously higher number of charges than the final droplets do.
How does the shrinking of droplets proceed?

d) Briefly explain the two theories to describe the final act of liberation of isolated gas phase ions.

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